There are various causes and risk factors that contribute to the onset and development of vaginal atrophy. Understanding these causes and taking risk factors into account is essential to properly address this condition and seek appropriate treatment options.
These are some of the main factors that can trigger or increase the risk of developing atrophic vaginitis:
- Menopause: The most common cause of vaginal atrophy. When menopause occurs, the ovaries stop producing oestrogen on a regular basis, which can lead to significant changes in vaginal health. As oestrogen levels decrease, vaginal tissue becomes thinner, drier and less elastic.
- Cancer treatments: Some cancer treatments can alter the balance of hormone levels and increase the risk of developing vaginal atrophy.
- Hormonal factors: In addition to the menopause, other changes, caused by hormonal alterations, have been identified that may contribute to the development of vaginal atrophy. These changes include polycystic ovary syndrome, thyroid disorders or during breastfeeding.
- Medication: Some medications can interfere with hormone levels, increasing the risk of vaginal atrophy.
- Lifestyle factors: Smoking, excessive alcohol consumption and lack of regular sexual activity may influence vaginal health and contribute to an increased risk of developing vaginal atrophy. Regular physical exercise helps to prevent pathologies such as vaginal dryness.
It is important to keep in mind that every woman and every body is different, and the way atrophic vaginitis develops and progresses can vary significantly.
If you experience symptoms of vaginal atrophy or identify risk factors that concern you, don’t wait and consult your doctor or women’s health specialist.